What Does CBD Stand For? And What is CBD Oil?
Heard about CBD products, but not sure what they are? This post will answer all of your questions, including, ‘What is CBD oil?’, and ‘What does CBD stand for?’ There’s no doubt that CBD oil is gaining popularity. In 2015, the CBD market in the U.S. was $202 million. That number is expected to grow to $2.1 billion by 2020. But before you become a consumer of CBD products, wouldn’t you like to become well-informed? In this article, we answer fundamental questions like ‘what is CBD oil?’, ‘What is CBD Oil good for?’ and help you understand how you could benefit from using it.
What Is CBD Oil?
CBD stands for cannabidiol, which is one of over 100 cannabinoids found in Cannabis sativa, the Latin name for cannabis or hemp.
What are cannabinoids? In brief, they are the natural chemical constituents of cannabis and hemp. CBD is one of the most well-known and well-researched cannabinoids. Others you may have heard of include tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabichromene (CBC), cannabinol, (CBN).
Each cannabinoid has unique properties. Many times the ratio of CBD to other cannabinoids can enhance or moderate its effects.
CBD oil is the most popular for preventing and/or treating a variety of health conditions.
What Is CBD Oil Compared to Marijuana Oil?
By botanical standards, marijuana and hemp are both cannabis. In common terms, marijuana is the named used often for cannabis strains with THC.
Strains without THC are informally classified as hemp.
What is CBD oil made from? Hemp, sometimes called industrial hemp. While marijuana also contains some CBD, using hemp prevents the inadvertent inclusion of THC. It’s also easier to manage the quality and quantity of CBD in the oil it’s made from hemp.
This is why CBD oil is also known as hemp oil.
CBD oil is usually made using the whole plant.
How Is CBD Oil Made?
The two most common ways to make CBD oil are alcohol extraction and CO2 extraction.
Alcohol extraction involves soaking the hemp plant in a solvent such as ethanol. The solvent leeches out the CBD and other cannabinoids from the plant.
The alcohol solution is then heated, which causes evaporation. The heat doesn’t damage the cannabinoids. So, the residue after evaporation is an oil rich in cannabinoids.
The CO2 method involves forcing carbon dioxide (CO2) through the hemp plant. This action, done through temperature and pressure changes within chambers of specialized equipment. The CO2 causes the cannabinoids to separated from the plant and allow collection in the various chambers of the equipment.
Both methods can produce high-quality CBD oil. But some people believe the CO2 method can improve purity because of the way different cannabinoids are capture in separate chambers. That, in turn, makes it easier to control the ratio of CBD to other cannabinoids
Is CBD Oil Legal?
Yes. But it’s important to understand why.
Cannabis is on the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration’s (DEA) Schedule I list of controlled substances. And hemp is, botanically speaking, cannabis.
Yet, a 2004 unanimous ruling by the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals determined that the DEA “cannot regulate naturally-occurring THC not contained within or derived from marijuana, i.e., non-psychoactive hemp is not included in Schedule I. The DEA has no authority to regulate drugs that are not scheduled.”
Plus, cannabis in all forms, including CBD oil, is legal in more than 30 states.
Still, be mindful of where your CBD is made. Ordering online from outside the U.S. can pose delivery challenges at the border.
What Does CBD Oil Do? Does CBD Oil Make You High?
No. CBD oil contains no THC, the psychoactive property found in some strains of cannabis.
CBD is made from hemp, the collection of cannabis strains with no THC.
How Does the Body Use CBD Oil?
Throughout the human body, there are various kinds of receptor systems. Receptors molecules that act like locks. Only certain molecules are the corresponding key. These “key” molecules attach themselves to receptors, “unlocking” them to cause a specific chemical action.
Among the many kinds of receptors in the human body are Cannabinoid Receptor 1 (CB1) and Cannabinoid Receptor 2 (CB2). Together, CB1 and CB2 comprise the endocannabinoid system.
CBD and other cannabinoids are “keys” that “unlock” CB1 and CB2 receptors.
CB1 receptors are abundant in the central nervous system. CB2 receptors are found primarily in the gastrointestinal tract and peripheral nervous system. But they can also be found on many cells related to the immune system.
For decades, scientists have known about these receptors. While there’s still more to learn about exactly how the chemical actions of CB1 and CB2 work, there is mounting evidence of benefits of CBD oil.
And, as you’ll discover in the following sections, there’s growing evidence that the power of CBD oil doesn’t just come from its interaction with cannabinoid receptors.
What Is CBD Oil Good For?
There are many answers to the question ‘what is CBD oil good for’?
In this section, we’ll explore the most common and well-researched ways of using CBD oil.
CBD Oil for Pain?
Pain relief is probably the most common use of CBD or hemp oil. There’s no shortage of anecdotal evidence that CBD oil is good for quick and sustainable pain relief without the risk of addiction common to traditional pharmaceutical options.
People self-report using CBD oil for pain from migraine headaches, physical injury and trauma, surgery, and chronic conditions such as fibromyalgia and multiple sclerosis.
The science behind these claims is strong.
A 2012 study found that CBD can suppress chronic inflammatory and neuropathic pain in rodents without addiction. Better still, the test subjects didn’t develop tolerance. That means the dosages didn’t have to be increased as time went on, which is what prompts the need for increased dosages.
What is CBD oil doing to help relieve pain? Researchers have found that CBD interacts directly with pain receptors involved with chronic pain.
CBD Oil for Anxiety
More than 18 million Americans live with anxiety-related disorders. Treating anxiety with CBD oil has gained popularity. Compared to traditional pharmaceutical remedies, CBD has few, if any, negative side effects, according to an abundance of anecdotal reports.
What is CBD oil doing to brain receptors to remove or diminish debilitating anxiety?
In a 2010 clinical study, participants with social anxiety disorder (SAD) had their baseline anxiety levels measured by subjective tests as well as regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF). Some participants then received 400 mg of CBD. Others received a placebo in standard double-blind protocols.
The subjective and rCBF tests administer again, followed by another round of CBD or placebo.
In the end, researchers found that CBD significantly reduced subjective assessments of SAD. Plus, it had positive effects on activity in limbic and paralimbic areas of the brain, which are involved in regulating mood.
And that was only one study. The anxiolytic (anxiety-reducing) effects of CBD in all its forms are well documented.
In a summary review of various clinical studies, one team of researchers concluded that the rate at which CBD can reduce symptoms obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and other anxiety disorders was remarkable enough to warrant further and greater research.
CBD Oil for Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
The medical establishment has long been cautious about using any form of cannabis when treating IBD. Despite knowing about the plant’s anti-inflammatory properties, the psychoactive properties of THC created treatment conflicts.
But more widespread cultivation of high-quality hemp along with improved processes for isolating CBD during extraction, have led more clinicians to prescribe CBD to patients.
Unofficial reports from physicians and their patients with IBD are almost entirely positive. People who have suffered the symptoms of IBD for years have regained a noticeable level of quality of life while using CBD.
Clinically, an important awareness came from a 2012 study about CBD and inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD).
In that study, researchers realized that CBD likely interacts with receptor sites beyond the endocannabinoid system. Specifically, CBD may interact with peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARG).
Anyone being treated for IBD likely knows about PPARG. These receptors play a role in metabolizing fats. The improper functioning of PPARG can cause inflammation at the cellular level of the digestive system.
CBD Oil for Diabetes
There is increasing optimism that CBD is a reliable treatment for diabetes.
In the article, CBD compound in cannabis could treat diabetes, researchers suggest, a worldwide diabetes advocacy group highlights how CBD research could change the way diabetes is treated.
Like in the researcher related to CBD, an important part of the clinical studies is how CBD reacts with non-cannabinoid receptors.
For example, there’s early evidence that CBD reduces inflammation throughout the body. Since it’s well-proven that chronic inflammation plays a part in insulin-resistance, this finding is important to preventing and treating diabetes.
CBD Oil for Sleep
Every night, millions of Americans have trouble getting to or staying asleep.
There are many root causes of insomnia and disrupted sleep. Some, like jet lag, shift work, or medication are temporary. Others like chronic fatigue syndrome, sleep apnea, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are ongoing.
CBD oil can be an ideal remedy for temporary bouts of insomnia, especially those brought on by extended periods of emotional stress.
What is CBD oil doing in our bodies to make this possible? A case study of a young person with post-traumatic stress disorder offers clinical insights about that question.
The simplified takeaway from that case study is that small doses of CB oil before bed allowed a person with severe anxiety and insomnia to sleep through the night. At the same time, the subject had no negative side effects and performed better in daily life.
To learn more about CBD oil and sleep, read our article, “CBD Oil as Sleep Aid?”.
When is CBD Oil Not Good For?
While CBD has many positive effects on the body, there may be situations when it’s not appropriate.
Anyone being treated for a mental or physical health condition should discuss the use of CBD with their healthcare provider. This is especially true if you’ve been prescribed other medication.
Many times, taking CBD won’t counteract the effects of other medications. But it’s important for your overall care that your healthcare provider know about any supplements or natural remedies you decide to take. Sometimes adjusting the dose can maximize the benefit given your whole health picture.
During pregnancy and while breastfeeding, women should discuss using CBD oil with their healthcare provider.
There is little to no reputable research on the effects of CBD during pregnancy or while breastfeeding. The interest, from a clinical perspective, has been on the effects of TCH because of its psychoactive properties. Conclusions from those studies can’t be transferred to CBD for the same reason.
There are also no verifiable numbers to indicate how many women use CBD during pregnancy. But based on anecdotal reports, women who self-report using CBD to ease pain and discomfort while pregnant did so infrequently and with no obvious negative effect.
What Is CBD Oil Drug Testing?
Drug testing is a fact of life for people with certain jobs. Employers often want to ensure employees doing work that involves the public and/or dangerous equipment are not impaired.
There is no such thing as a standard workplace drug test. But it is uncommon for employers or other interested parties to test for CBD.
So-called marijuana testing is really a test for TCH. This is reasonable since TCH has psychoactive properties that can impair response time in some people.
Employers generally don’t include CBD in the marijuana test for two reasons. One, CBD doesn’t have psychoactive properties. And, two, it adds to the cost of the test with no benefit to the employer.
What Is CBD Oil: A Closing Thought
If you’re thinking of using CBD oil or hemp oil to relieve pain, reduce inflammation, get a good night of sleep, or improve your health in a variety of other ways, you aren’t alone.
Every day, there’s a growing amount of clinical proof that CBD works. Every day, people are buying CBD oil, capsules, crystals, balm, and vape liquid to improve their health and quality of life.
We offer high-quality CBD oil products to people of all ages in all 50 states. Ordering is easy and delivery is fast.
Plus, our knowledgeable team is available by phone or email to answer any of questions not listed on our FAQ page.
Contact us anytime! We’d love to hear from you.
Disclaimer: The Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act requires this disclaimer. We collected this information from various sources for the convenience of our customers. The statements made regarding these products were not evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The efficacy of these products is not confirmed by FDA-approved research. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. The information presented here is not meant as a substitute for information from health care practitioners. It is also not meant as an alternative to information from health care practitioners. Before using any product, you should consult your doctor and ask about the risk of interactions or complications.